From cotton to fleece, it can be hard to differentiate between chemical fibers and natural fibers. Clothes are made of cloth, and it’s all soft and comfortable, right? Wrong. There are so many types of textiles to understand and learn about. One such type is chemical fiber textiles.Chemical fiber textiles are is a type of material that is commonly used in apparel construction. They’re called chemical fiber textiles because they are made of chemical fibers.

Chemical fibers are made by first processing and refining cotton, for example, and then further manufacturing it to create fibers made from chemicals. As far as the chemical fiber textiles go, they are relatively cheap, and hard to wear down. Most clothing companies use chemical fiber textiles as it means that they can attain clothes they can then sell on cheap because they haven’t shelled out for the more expensive, natural textiles. However, it’s not all rosy – chemical fiber textiles are not as highly thought of as other textiles, partly because they aren’t environmentally-friendly, but you’ll also see in this article.

What Are Chemical Fiber Textile?What are The Advantages and Disadvantages?

Chemical fiber textiles are textiles made from chemical fibers that are spun, processed and woven. Chemical fibers are made from raw materials like polyester, nylon, viscose and spandex. So depending on the raw materials wrangled to start with, the textiles will change accordingly. Let’s take a look at some.

Polyester Fiber

Polyester fiber is also known as polyester. It is a fiber that can be called as a first synthetic fiber that has good elasticity. It is very wrinkle resistant, and has excellent wear resistance. The rigidity is good compared to a denier fiber, and is chemically stable, so it is not sensitive to acid and alkali. However, air permeability is poor, so it is not suitable for summer wear.

It should be said that it will fluff a certain extent after cleaning.

Nylon Textile

Nylon textiles is also called a type of polyamide fiber. It is another type of the most widely used variety among all the chemical fibers.

It is very leather wear resistant with a better elastic recovery compared to a relative polyester.

Electrostatic pilling, poor shape stability, large tendency to distort.

Polymer Textile

The form of polymer textile is macromolecule which is similar to wool. It can be done with wool instead of the expensive wool.

Hygroscopicity and moisture regain is less than wool but is still better than most chemical fibers.

The best wear-resistance is worse than polyester and nylon. It should be said that the wrinkle is the worst.


Spandex is unique. Therefore, only a small amount of spandex will significantly improve the elastic recovery of that fabric, less than 10% need to be put.

Because of those unique characteristics, we will primarily use spandex as the blend with other type of chemical fiber or natural substance. It is suitable for clothing that needs to stretch.

Chemical fiber textiles are not only economical in cost but has many various unique characteristics that make it a popular material to be used in clothing. However, they also have many other other limitations such as, not so good air permeability. As well as wear resistance.

Choosing the most appropriate fabric for a garment is based on the quality and style demanded, the quantities required, and the appearance and functionality necessary in the fabric.

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